Australian Police Badge History from Ozbadge

Introduction & User Agreements














Home | Introduction & User Agreements | N.S.W. Police Force | Victoria Police | Queensland Police Service | South Australia Police | Western Australia Police | Northern Territory Police | Tasmania Police | Australian Commonwealth Police and Australian Federal Police. | Australian Quarantine and Border Protection | Police Air Wings. | Contact and Ratings Guide! | LINKS | * Design Studio





This is not an official site.
 
 
The first official State Police badge of
New South Wales:
the New South Wales Police Force "Queen Victoria Crown" helmet plate.
Circa 1862.

 


 

nswp1.jpg

 
The New South Wales Police Force,"Queen Victoria Crown", roundel helmet plate was issued soon after the formation of the New South Wales Police Force, by the Police Regulation Act, No. 16, on 1st March,1862. This Act consolidated nearly all of the disperate Police Forces in the Colony of New South Wales, into one centralised body.
However, this beautifully engraved, custom made, helmet plate was eventually replaced by a new, military style, QVC helmet plate (see N.S.W. Police Force page); probably due to the fact that it did not follow Royal protocol, by having the crown at highest point of the badge. * N.S.W.'s first official State Police badge and possibly Australia's rarest, custom made Police badge. Only 2 of the original examples are thought to have survived. One is at the Justice and Police Museum in Sydney.
 
 
 

Foreword.
 
 
This beautiful, "New South Wales Police" roundel helmet plate (above) was the first officially designed and custom made, state Police badge of the Australian Colony's newly formed: New South Wales Police Force. 
The Police Regulation Act, No.16 of 1862, finally consolidated the organisation, control, administration and powers of all Police authority in the Colony of New South Wales, into one centralised body. A previous attempt at unified control of all Police in New South Wales, under an Inspector General, had been made in 1850 with Act No.38, but unfortunately this act was repealed in 1852 with Act No.33; apparently due to some overseas imperial politics of the time. This new act combined the NSW Metropolitan Police, the Sydney Foot Police, the Mounted Police, Water Police, Mounted Patrols, Gold Escorts, Native Police, Bench Constables, Night Watchmen and His Excellency the Governor's Mounted Escort, into one Force; all reporting to an " Inspector General of Police".
 
South Australia formed a "Constabulary" in 1838. Victoria began to consolidate their "Constabulary" in 1853. Queensland centralised their Police forces in 1863. Western Australia enacted the Police Act of 1892 and Tasmania amalgamated their various Police Forces in 1899. Up until then, various styles and pieces of generic British military type uniforms, badges and helmet plates, tipstaves and paper warrants had been used as a means of indentification by these disparate law enforcement bodies of the time; many wore no insignia or uniform at all.
 
Below is a studio photograph of Senior Sergeant Charles Dalton, wearing the "full dress" uniform of the New South Wales Police Governor's Escort (Orderlies); a "carte de viste" by Freeman & Co, circa 1880. (An even earlier studio photograph of Dalton in uniform, also taken by Freeman in 1876, appears on the N.S.W. Police Force page).

Dalton was born in St. Lukes, London, England in 1832 and served with the 8th King's Royal "Irish" Hussars during the Crimea War; including the Charge of the Light Brigade and the Indian Mutiny. The uniform he is wearing in this photo, looks similar to that of a Senior Sergeant in the King's 8th, however, the white, British style, "foreign service" helmet next to him, interestingly bears the first N.S.W. Police helmet plate; as illustrated above. It is this author's opinion, that Dalton may have fashioned his N.S.W. Police uniform on that of his old military unit. Commissioned Officer's in the N.S.W. Police Force and other Police Forces in Australia, soon began to wear and would continue wear subdued, "hussar" style, undress jackets,  from the 1880's up until the 1940's.
 
Dalton had a very interesting life. After service in India, it seems Dalton may have officially travelled to Australia on board the P&O mail steamer, S.S. "Northam", as "escort" to the newly appointed NSW Administrator and soon to be, Governor in Chief of Australia, Lord John Young and his wife, Lady Adelaide (Annabelle Tuite-Dalton) Young. They arrived in Sydney in 1861 and Dalton, it was reported, fell in love with Australia.
 
In 1862, and most likely pursuant to new Police Regulation Act of 1862, Dalton was officially discharged from H.R.H military forces, after 12 years and 70 days service, with the "Good Conduct badge"; possibly whilst still on active service at the Governor's pleasure. He and his elite, mounted troopers (known as "the Governor's Escort" ) were to become one of the last of the disparate " law enforcement" bodies in N.S.W, to be officially amalgamated into the newly formed: New South Wales Police Force. He became officer No. 1342 and was then transferred to the Western District; stationed in Goulburn.  In 1864, seemingly under the advice or at least with the approval of Governor Young, his duties were transferred back to Sydney, to the old "Police Depot" and specifically to the "Governor's Escort / Orderlies". The old "Police Depot" is where Police troopers for the "Governor's Escort" (Governor's Orderlies), "Gold Escort", the "Mint" and the "South East District" were then stationed or accounted for; and where, interestingly, Sydney Central Rail Station, in George Street, now stands.
 
After the attempted assassination of the visiting Prince Alfred, whilst he was attending a picnic at Clontarf on the 12th March, 1868, Dalton was ordered to full-time, duty at Government House, as guard to the "Royal Personage". He was promoted to the rank of  Sergeant on the 1st July, 1868 and on the 6th March, 1869, was assigned the title of "Officer In Charge" of the N.S.W. Police "Governor's Escort". He was officially promoted to "Senior Sergeant" on the 1st June, 1878; although it is believed he was "acting" in that rank from, at least, circa 1876.
 
Dalton and his family (and four other N.S.W. Police "Mounted Troopers") moved into and occupied the "Government House Household Cavalry" building and stables ( now known as the "Conservatorium of Music") from where, over the next 20 years, he commanded this elite troop that would go on to protect the next seven (7) official Governor's and their families. During those next 20 years, the "upper rooms" of the building, were used by the Dalton's as their family home and it was from there where most of his ten children, from his marriage to wife Jessie, were born and raised. Of note: Mrs. Jessie Dalton (nee: Fitz-Simmons), had been employed on the Governor's staff since at least 1861; and was most likey "Lady In Waiting"
to at least Lady Young. Apparently, she first met Charles Dalton onboard the S.S. "Northam", during her voyage to Australia, from Great Britain; whilst both part of the entourage of the future Governor and his wife.
 
The "Government House Household Cavalry Barracks" building is located in Macquarie Street, Sydney; a beautiful, ornate building specifically designed to house "His Excellency" the Governor's Escort, et al, by the talented "gentleman convict" architect: Francis Greenway. This building was originally, fully situated inside "Government House" grounds, but the large ornate entrance gates and small guard house, originally situated across the top of Hunter Street, were unfortunately moved back in c1960, to accomodate the ramp to the "Cahill Expressway".
 
This historic, building is currently being used by Sydney's "Conservatorium of Music".
 
In 1872, the Dalton's had another daughter, who was named, Antoinette Mary Dalton; my Grandmother was born at Government House, Sydney, as were six of her other brothers and sisters. (see below)
 
Dalton was also one of only twelve possible survivors of the "Charge of the Light Brigade" to settle in Australia and was made a member of the Balaclava Commemoration Society (exclusive to those who actually rode in "The Charge"), in 1879. (Please: "In Search of the Light Brigade" by L.W. Crider" and the named list of the "Chargers" PDF).

Dalton became instrumental in the founding of Australia's first official independent Military Force, the "Sydney Light Horse", because of his access to the then Governor, Lord Loftus. Please see: THE ROYAL N.S.W. LANCERS 1885 -1960. Edited by P.V. Vernon. Available here: http://www.lancers.org.au/
 
Inspector John Bevin, of the New Zealand Police Force (another 8th Hussar who "came through" Balaclava; see the "Charger list" (as named above), whilst stationed in Dunedin, had written a letter of introduction to Charles Dalton, for a Mr. Robert Roland Thompson, who was a former Sergeant of the 4th Dragoon Guards. It was Dalton's access to then Governor, Lord Loftus, that led to the formation of the first (Volunteer) Australian (Sydney) Light Horse; and to R.R Thompson becoming it's first adjutant in 1887.  Apparently, the articles for the formation of Australia's first, official Light Horse troop, were written in the Dalton's dining room, at the now "Conservatorium of Music".
 
During the excavations for the underground additions for the Conservatorium of Music site in 2000 (or more appropriately, the Governor's Household Cavalry Barracks site), many family household and personal items that probably belonged to the Dalton family and issued and marked Queen Victoria "crowned" items  from the N.S.W. Police, (including badges and buttons) were excavated from this site, and are still there now, on display.

By all reports, Dalton was also an accomplished horse rider and shot and in his early days, had accompanied Captain Zouch, a fellow N.S.W. Police officer, on his excursions to hunt down bushrangers on the Goulburn plains.
 
On the 31st October 1889, after more than 25 years with the Governor's escort and the N.S.W. Police Force, Senior Sergeant Charles Dalton, retired and moved with his family to their new home in Balgowlah.
 
My Great, Grandfather, Senior Sergeant Charles Dalton died on the 5th February, 1891, after a thrilling, adventurous and rewarding life.
 
I am sure there is a unique story behind each and every badge; if only they could talk.
 
Please enjoy the site.
 
Michael Neville.
 
January 21, 2004.
 
UPDATED: 2004-2017.

About Mike Neville and Discovery:


.

nswpfirstride331885.jpg

The first Australian military  troop, the Sydney Light Horse, made its first "official" public appearance
on the March 3 1885;  as honorary escort to Governor Lord Loftus, to farewell the troops to " the Soudan" (Sudan).
They used "fishing poles" for lancers. Swords and bridles were supplied courtesy of the NSW POLICE via S/SGT. Dalton;
seen riding on the flank next to the Governor's carriage. Click to enlarge

firstridenswlancers2.jpg

Travelling down George Street, towards Circular Quay:  the first Australian troop, the volunteer Sydney Light Horse,
 made its debut on the March 3 1885; as escort to Governor Lord Loftus. S/SGT Dalton is seen riding on the flank of the carriage;
next to the Governor.
Copyright Australian War Memorial. Click on thumbnail to enlarge.

ssgtdaltonhelmet2.jpg

Click on thumbnail to see detail of the first NSW Police badge (helmet plate).
 Copyright Australian War Memorial, Ozbadge and families.

ssgtdalton2.jpg

Senior Sergeant Charles Dalton wearing the uniform of the NSW Police Governor's Escort;
which is almost identical to that of 8th King's Royal Irish Hussars.
His NSW Police helmet with the first helmet plate are displayed next to him. Freeman: c1880.
Copyright Australian War Memorial, Ozbadge and families.

daltonfamily1.jpg

The Dalton family c 1888.
After 25 years with the NSW Mounted Police at Government House Barracks, Dalton retired and the family moved to Balgowlah.
My Great, Grandfather, Charles Dalton, died in 1891.
  Ozbadge.
 
 
 
 

Welcome.
 

Welcome to Ozbadge.com and some very Rare and Historical Australian Police Badges and Helmet plates. It's a virtual Museum, so enjoy your tour, as we go back in history!

This website is dedicated to the thousands of people "behind the badge"; the
 Law Enforcement Officers around the world, who put their lives on the line every day, to protect our families and our way of life.

In particular, it is of course dedicated with special thanks, to all the Law Enforcement agent's and officer's of Australia; past and present.
 
It is a mandarory requirement that you firstly, fully read and fully agree to all "The User Agreement, Conditions of Use and Disclaimers " of this web site, (below); and only then, may you proceed to continue your visit and enjoy observing the contents!

This site is continually evolving and submissions of photographs of rare, historical items and any informational updates, news and/or corrections are welcome.
Please email photographs in JPEG format; or news or comments to: donate@ozbadge.com
 
There is more to come! Thank you for visiting Ozbadge.com and please support your local Police; wherever in the world you may be, because one day, you may need them!
 
Enjoy the website!

Ozbadge:
Australia's Virtual Police Badge Museum.




























Member: Royal Australian Historical Society.
Member: The South Australian Police Historical Society, Inc.
Member: The Western Australia Police Historical Society, Inc.
Life Member: Northern Territory Police Historical Society and Museum.
Life Member: F.Q.P.M. (The Friends of the Queensland Police Museum).
 
Authorised Commemorative Supplier:
Queensland Police Service.
Authorised Commemorative Supplier:
Victoria Police.
Authorised Commemorative Licencee:
NSW Police Force.
Authorised Commemorative Endorsee:
Western Australia Police.
Authorised Historical Insignia Contractor:
Australian Federal Police.
Authorised Historical Badge Supplier:
Northern Territory Police.
 


CUSTOMER AND USER AGREEMENT: DISCLAIMERS and TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF USE*:
 
 
This is NOT an OFFICIAL website of any kind.
 
Ozbadge is a virtual, online, public museum. It is an educational website; an exhibit of a collection of images, comment and news for general public interest, historical reference, art, design, research, study, information, opinion, preservation of cultural heritage and entertainment and it and its owner/s are in no way associated with, affiliated with, connected with, sponsored by, employed by, condoned by or endorsed by any Police or Law Enforcement Department or Agency; particularly those that are referred to on this site. Except, as knowingly or unknowingly allowed, authorised and/or permitted to operate, by international and/or local law/s. Ozbadge  is a Police Supporter and Charitable Donator.
 
Ozbadge and it's owners, contributors and administrators can not, do not and will not guarantee the accuracy of ANY information contained on this web site. This website is made available to you on an "AS IS" basis and on the condition/s that we do not accept ANY liability for ANY content or comment contained in or on this website, or linked to or by this site. The information, opinions and comment expressed on this website are personal opinions only and are stated on a "to the best of our knowledge at that time" basis and should ONLY be regarded as such; particularly with regards to dates, rarity and values. Information, comment and/or product/s are provided by Ozbadge, WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY of any kind, whatsoever; expressed or inferred. The user of this website assumes the full and entire risk and responsibility as to its accuracy; and their use of this document. History is full of inaccuracies, so is this website, so please email us with any additional information or corrections to any inaccuracies you may discover and/or updates and we will endeavour to correct them, if proveable, as soon as possible.
 
Please also remember that badges and accoutrements are not legal warrants and do not convey any legal authority to anyone whatsoever, and that some images on this site may not be taken from actual items. All the "images" on this website, it is believed, are facsimilies of obsolete items, which are intended solely to be of interest for their inherent cultural heritage and historical value only. Contact your local Police for images or any information about their "currently issued" official badge designs and/or means of identification; if required.
 
Just because a badge, accoutrement, uniform or part thereof is on this site, does not mean anyone  physically owns it or possesses it. Many images have been computer generated, totally created, manipulated or enhanced from reference. Others have been donated, some anonymously, by collectors or obtained from museums from around the world; including the Australian National Archives and Australian War Memorial. The numbers on all the badges are fictitious. Some of the badge designs displayed on this web site may be subject to the Copyright Laws of the Australian Government and/or their respective State Governments and/or agencies or others; including Ozbadge. The Australian Coat of Arms is  Copyright: Commonwealth of Australia. The "Queen's Crown" or "Saint Edward's Crown" is displayed on insignia strictly by, Royal Warrant of HRH Queen Elizabeth II, of the United Kingdom: The Royal Household Copyright.
Also, please check your local laws to determine whether it is legal for you to collect and/or possess Police type insignia, if you do, as heavy penalties may apply. It is illegal in many countries and states around the world, for anyone, including Police officers and/or Law Enforcement officers and/or agents, to collect and/or possess any "Police" and/or "Law Enforcement" type insignia; without official authorisation.
 
WARNING: 
it is a SERIOUS OFFENCE TO IMPERSONATE A POLICE OFFICER, FEDERAL AGENT or LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER.
 
None of the contributors to this website, or any other websites forwarded to or from this web site from anywhere, named or otherwise, have any responsibility or liability for this website, nor any say in its control and/or in its content; whatsoever. 
 
NOTHING is for sale, trade or barter from this web site, so please do not even ask.
 
Anything, made by and/or provided by OZBADGE to anyone, anywhere, whatseover, is created and provided purely and strictly as artistic representations for collectible, framed historical displays, as art or novelty pieces, and/or for educational purposes only and may or may not be, in any way, factually and/or historically correct. If you aquire anything, anywhere, from "Ozbadge" you agree, in totality, not to use the item/s for any unauthorised or illegal purposes whatsoever and you further agree to indemnify and hold harmless "Ozbadge" for any such actions caused by you and/or others. Please check your local laws. "Ozbadge", its owners, or any such employees, suppliers, users, and/or its contributors are not liable to you or for you or anyone else or for any "loss" in connection with any use of this website and/or its contents, or associated websites or others linked, hyperlinked or forwarded to or from this website, with or without permission, whatsoever. The term "loss" as used here, includes any loss or damage/s whatsoever; including, but not limited to, monetary loss, personal injury and/or death, however caused (including through criminal acts, negligence and/or insanity), which may have directly or indirectly been caused or suffered, and/or any consequences that may arise, at any time and/or for any reason, whatsoever. We reserve the right to prosecute anyone for any misuse of this website and/or its contents and/or our products.
 
NOTE:
ANY USE or COPYING OF ANY IMAGE/S AND/OR INFORMATION PUBLISHED BY / OR ON THIS WEB SITE, IS COPYRIGHT AND  EXPRESSLEY PROHIBITED BY LAW AND STRICTLY SUBJECT TO OUR WRITTEN APPROVAL FOR USE. EMAIL:  info@ozbadge.com
 
Ozbadge reserves the right not to provide any item, however offered, to anyone; for any reason.
 
YOUR AGREEMENT to enter and use this website:
 
If you do not understand or do not Agree to ALL of our Disclaimers and ALL of the Terms and Conditions of Use in totality, please leave this website now, otherwise please proceed and enjoy.
 
By clicking your mouse, touching a screen or doing anything in order to enter or view the "Ozbadge" web site/s and/or your use and/or purchase of any Ozbadge product (including image/s or information) you Agree that any of this/these action/s constitute/s your total acknowledgement, full understanding, Total Agreement, full accountability and total compliance of and/or for and/or to, ALL of our * Disclaimers and Terms and Conditions of Use; whatsoever.
 
For other rights, Privacy Laws and further legal conditions that may apply, please contact our website and/or server host/s.
 
Each provision of the Terms and Conditions of Use, Agreement/s and/or Disclaimers shall be interpreted in such a way as to be effective and valid under any applicable law. If any provision is prohibited or invalid under an applicable law, it shall be ineffective only to such prohibition or invalidity, without invalidating the remainder of such provision or the remaining provisions.
 
Thank you for visiting Ozbadge; Australia's virtual Police Badge Museum.
 
This public exhibit, web site and collection of images and accoutrements is pursuant to:
 
The Commonwealth of Australia Freedom of Information Act 1982. The National Conservation and Preservation Policy for Movable Cultural Heritage Commonwealth of Australia 1995. New South Wales Police Act 1990; as amended, Section 203 (5) (6). The Enhanced US Federal Security Act of 2000, Chapter 33, Title 18, Section 3, Sub-section 716(b); also known as US Public Law 106-547. Michigan State Compiled Laws; Section 750.216a; where applicable, and protected by the US Bill of Rights: Article the third [1st Amendment]; and where applicable, within "Public Domain".
 
Images, text, products and website where applicable are: Copyright 2004-2014 Ozbadge. All rights reserved.
 
You must have permission to reproduce anything from or to link to this web site.
 
 































































ozbadge.logo1.jpg

ozbadgestepslogo1.jpg

copyright ozbadge

museum@ozbadge.com